Trails Promote Health

Trails Promote Health

Trails Promoting Health


Laura Brown, Umekia Taylor, Molly Basak-Smith, Michael Puglisi, University of Connecticut Extension

For more information please contact Laura Brown at 


Barton, J., & Pretty, J. (2010). What is the Best Dose of Nature and Green Exercise for Improving Mental Health? A Multi-Study Analysis. Environmental Science & Technology, 44(10),

Barton, J.; Hine, R.; Pretty, J. The health benefits of walking in greenspaces of high natural and heritage value. J. Integr. Environ. Sci. 2009, 6 (4), 1–18.

Brownson, R. C., Housemann, R. A., Brown, D. R., Jackson-Thompson, J., King, A. C., Malone, B. R., & Sallis, J. F. (2000). Promoting physical activity in rural communities: Walking trail access, use, and effects. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 18(3), 235–241.

CDC. (2020, February 25). Benefits of Physical Activity. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Coon, J., Boddy, K., Stein, K., Whear, R., Barton, J., & Depledge, M. H. (2011). Does participating in physical activity in outdoor natural environments have a greater effect on physical and mental wellbeing than physical activity indoors? A systematic review. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(5), 1761–1772.

French, S. A., Jeffery, R. W., & Oliphant, J. A. (1994). Facility Access and Self-Reward as Methods to Promote Physical Activity among Healthy Sedentary Adults. American
Journal of Health Promotion, 8(4), 257–262.

Frost, S. S., Goins, R. T., Hunter, R. H., Hooker, S. P., Bryant, L. L., Kruger, J., & Pluto, D. (2010). Effects of the Built Environment on Physical Activity of Adults Living in Rural Settings.
American Journal of Health Promotion, 24(4), 267–283.

Gladwell, V. F., Brown, D. K., Wood, C., Sandercock, G. R., & Barton, J. L. (2013). The great outdoors: How a green exercise environment can benefit all. Extreme Physiology &
Medicine, 2(1), 3.

Gordon, P. M., Zizzi, S. J., Pauline, J., & others. (2004). Use of a community trail among new and habitual exercisers: A preliminary assessment. Preventing Chronic Disease, 1(4), 1–11.

Harvard Medical School. Walking: your steps to health. Harvard Medical School, para 1-12.
2009. Retrieved from

Kuo, F. E. (2011). Parks and Other Green Environments: ‘Essential Components of a Healthy Human Habitat’. Australasian Parks and Leisure, 14(1), 10.

Marshall, W. E., & Ferenchak, N. N. (2019). Why cities with high bicycling rates are safer for all road users. Journal of Transport & Health, 13, 100539.

Peacock, J.; Hine, R.; Pretty, J. Got the blues, then find some Greenspace. The Mental Health benefits of Green Exercise Activities and Green Care. Colchester, 2007.

Pretty, J.; Peacock, J.; Hine, R.; Sellens, M.; South, N.; Griffin, M. Green Exercise in the UK Countryside: Effects of Health and Psychological Well-being, and Implications for Policy and Planning. J. Environ. Plann. Manage. 2007, 50 (2), 211–31.

Smart Growth America. (2016). Complete Streets Promote Good Health. Retrieved from

Troped, P. J., Saunders, R. P., Pate, R. R., Reininger, B., Ureda, J. R., & Thompson, S. J. (2001). Associations between Self-Reported and Objective Physical Environmental Factors and
Use of a Community Rail-Trail. Preventive Medicine, 32(2), 191–200.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2015) Step it up! The surgeon general’s call to action to promote walking and walkable communities. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General. Retrieved from